Discover the Keys to Unlocking eCommerce Conversion Rates


If you own an eCommerce store, then understanding your conversion rate and how it changes over time is essential. A conversion rate is the measure of the number of people visiting your store who take a desired action, such as making a purchase or signing up for a newsletter. It’s important to track your eCommerce conversion rate as it can help provide valuable insights into how to optimize your store and improve customer conversions.

The goal of this guide is to provide an introduction to how measuring conversion rate works, as well as tips on using web analytics and trend tracking to increase overall revenue. By the end of this guide, you’ll know how to accurately calculate and interpret conversion rates for your store, as well as develop goals that will lead to better engagement and higher sales.

Defining an eCommerce Conversion Rate

When it comes to measuring the success of your eCommerce store, there’s no metric more important than your conversion rate. This key performance indicator (KPI) tells you the percentage of online visitors who take a desired action – like making a purchase, signing up for a newsletter, downloading content, etc. – while visiting your store.

To understand and measure your eCommerce conversion rate, it’s important to define some commonly used terms. These include:

  • Online Store Visitors – Individuals who come to your store, but do not necessarily take any action.
  • Conversions – Any desired action taken by a visitor while on your website (like an item purchase, newsletter subscription, etc).
  • Conversion Rate – The ratio of conversions compared to total online store visitors, usually expressed as a percentage.

By understanding these terms, you can better measure and optimize your eCommerce conversion rate.

Source Data for eCommerce Conversion Rates

Collecting data is an important step to understanding your eCommerce store’s conversion rate and getting valuable insights into customer behavior. This data can help you track site performance, identify trends, and set goals for improving your store.

The good news is that there are online platforms available today that make collecting data easy. One of the most popular and trusted platforms is Google Analytics. It provides you with detailed information about your website’s traffic and other metrics. With Google Analytics, you can monitor your store’s users, their behaviors, and the performance of various campaigns.

Besides web traffic, Google Analytics also offers insights into customer locations, source referral, demographics, device usage, and more. All this data can be used to measure your overall conversion rate, as well as other segment-specific rates.

Other platforms such as Mixpanel, Mode, and Segment also provide useful data about customer behavior and can help you track sales, identify key drivers of conversions, and monitor funnel progress.

With these tools, you can collect detailed data about your customers, measure conversions over time, and make informed decisions about the products and services you offer.

Calculating Overall Conversion Rate

Measuring the overall conversion rate of an eCommerce store can be a tricky process. To accurately calculate your store’s overall conversion rate, you must understand the different types of customers and their likelihood to convert.

The first step is to distinguish between new customers and returning customers. This is important because new customers may not have had an opportunity to become familiar with your store and may require more effort to convert compared to returning customers.

To calculate the overall conversion rate for new customers, you must divide the total number of new customers who completed a purchase by the total number of new customers who visited your store. For example, let’s say you had 500 new visitors in a month, and 200 of those visitors made a purchase. Your overall conversion rate for new customers would be 40% (200/500).

On the other hand, you can measure overall conversion rate for returning customers by dividing the total number of returning customers who completed a purchase by the total number of returning customers who visited your store. For example, let’s say you had 300 returning visitors in a month, and 150 of those visitors made a purchase. Your overall conversion rate for returning customers would be 50% (150/300).

To calculate your store’s overall conversion rate, simply add the total number of new customers who completed a purchase with the total number of returning customers who completed a purchase and divide it by the sum of both new and returning customers. Using the example above, your overall conversion rate would be 45% (200+150/500+300).

By differentiating between new and returning customers, you can get a better understanding of how different types of customers are engaging with your store and what strategies are working best.

Analyzing Conversion Trends Over Time

Measuring customer retention and other segment-specific insights is an important part of understanding the success of your eCommerce store, as well as understanding where customers may be falling off in the conversion funnel. Tracking conversion trends over time can provide valuable insights into areas for improvement. Data analysis and trend tracking are the two main techniques used to measure the efficacy of your store.

Data Analysis

Data analysis involves comparing data points from different time periods to gain a better understanding of how well your eCommerce store is performing. Some of the data points to look at include: total sales, cart abandonment rate, average order value, and customer lifetime value. By analyzing these data points over time, you can identify trends that would indicate whether your store is trending up or down and what next steps are necessary.

Trend Tracking

Trend tracking can provide a more detailed insight into how customers interact with your store over time. This technique involves looking at the behavior of customers within specific segments – such as VIP customers or new customers – and tracking how their engagement changes over time. By monitoring some key metrics like purchase frequency, average order size, and customer lifetime value, you can get a better understanding of how customers’ preferences and behaviors have changed.

Analyzing conversion trends over time can help you identify areas of opportunity for improving your eCommerce store. It also allows you to track the success of any changes you’ve made to the store, so that you can focus on continuing to drive conversions.

Estimating Costs Per Acquisition

As a business owner, you want to make sure that your eCommerce store is consistently turning a profit. One way to do this is by estimating the cost per acquisition (CPA), or the cost spent on acquiring each customer. By understanding how much you are spending on each customer, and how much they are spending at your store, you can ensure you are getting the most out of your budget.

Analyzing your web analytics data is key when it comes to estimating your CPA. This data can give you insight into which campaigns are driving the most conversions, as well as what channels are leading to customers spending the most in your store. From this data, you can better understand which tactics are working and which need to be improved or adjusted.

Forecasting tools are also helpful when predicting your CPA. Forecasting allows you to estimate future trends based on past data points. This can be invaluable for adjusting your budget and making sure it’s optimized for the best possible returns.

By understanding your CPA, you can make informed decisions about how to spend your budget and continue making a profit from your eCommerce store.

Assessing Your Conversion Funnel

When it comes to understanding an eCommerce store’s customer journey, it’s important to assess the conversion funnel. This is the process where potential customers are taken from initial awareness of a product or service to actually making a purchase.

The funnel typically begins with visitors landing on a product page. From there, they might move further down the funnel and eventually complete an order. By tracking each stage of the funnel, you can identify areas that need improvement, as well as opportunities for growth.

To measure your conversion funnel, it’s important to set up and track the following metrics:

  • Number of Website Visitors
  • Cost Per Click (CPC)
  • Number of Product Page Views
  • Number of Checkouts Started
  • Number of Orders Completed
  • Average Order Value (AOV)
  • Customer Retention Rate
  • Revenue Generated per Visitor

By analyzing these metrics, store owners and marketers can gain valuable insights into their customers’ behavior and how to improve their conversion rate over time.

Setting Goals to Increase Your eCommerce Conversion Rate

Setting goals for your eCommerce store is an important part of tracking and improving overall conversion rate. Short- and long-term goals can help you measure progress against desired outcomes and allow you to make adjustments when necessary.

When setting goals, it is important to be realistic and define measurable objectives. Keeping track of what you aim to achieve in the form of key performance indicators (KPIs) will give you clarity on how to measure and adjust your progress. Common KPIs that you can use to gauge the success of your store and its conversion rate include:

  • Click-through rate (CTR)
  • Average revenue per user (ARPU)
  • Average order value (AOV)
  • Ad clicks
  • Repeat purchases
  • Sign-ups
  • Social media engagement
  • Retention rate

The KPIs you choose should depend on your goals. For example, if you are looking to increase user acquisition, a KPI like sign-ups may be more suitable than AOV. It’s important to keep track of your metrics over time to see how they improve or decline depending on the changes you make. Additionally, always give yourself enough time to evaluate the effectiveness of any changes you make before making any drastic changes.

Setting short-term and long-term goals will help you identify when you hit new milestones with your eCommerce store. As you strive to reach those goals, you also have the opportunity to reevaluate any existing strategies and adjust them as necessary. This enables you to ensure that your store is always running optimally and that you’re making progress towards increasing conversion rates.

In conclusion, measuring your eCommerce store’s conversion rate is a crucial step towards success. With the right tools and data sources, you can analyze customer journey trends, set goals, and maximize your overall conversion rate. To get started, make sure to track web traffic from platforms like Google Analytics, calculate your overall conversion rate, and estimate costs per acquisition. Additionally, break down the different steps of the conversion funnel and set short- and long-term goals for increasing conversions. With these takeaways, you’re well on your way to optimizing your eCommerce store’s success.

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